Juventus F.C.

Full name    Juventus Football Club S.p.A.

Nickname(s)   [La] Vecchia Signora[1] (The Old Lady)
                       [La] Fidanzata d'Italia (The Girlfriend of Italy)
                       [I] bianconeri (The White-Blacks)
                       [Le] Zebre (The Zebras)
                       [La] Signora Omicidi (The Killer Lady)[2]
                       [La] Goeba (Gallo-Italic for: Hunchback)

Founded        1 November 1897; 117 years ago (as Sport                            Club Juventus)[3]

Ground          Juventus Stadium,
                     Turin, Italy

Capacity          41,254[4]
Owner             Agnelli family (through EXOR S.p.A, BIT:                               JUVE)
Chairman         Andrea Agnelli
Manager          Massimiliano Allegri
League            Serie A
2013–14         Serie A, 1st

Juventus is a professional Italian association football club based in Turin, Piedmont. The club is the third oldest of its kind in the country and has spent the majority of its history, with the exception of the 2006–07 season, in the top flight First Division (known as Serie A since 1929).

Founded in 1897 as Sport Club Juventus by a group of young Torinese students,[3] among them, who was their first president, Eugenio Canfari, and his brother Enrico, author of the company's historical memory;[7][8][9] they are managed by the industrial Agnelli family since 1923, which constitutes the oldest sporting partnership in Italy, thus making Juventus the first professional club in the country.[10][11] Over time, the club has become a symbol of the nation's italianità ("Italianness"),[12][13][14] due to their tradition of success, some of which have had a significant impact in Italian society, especially in the 1930s and the first post-war decade;[15] and the ideological politics and socio-economic origin of the club's sympathisers.[16] This is reflected, among others, in the club's contribution to the national team, uninterrupted since the second half of the 1920s and recognised as one of the most influential in international football, having performed a decisive role in the World Cup triumphs of 1934, 1982 and 2006.[17][18] The club's fan base is larger than any other Italian football club and is one of the largest worldwide. Support for Juventus is widespread throughout the country and abroad, mainly in countries with a significant presence of Italian immigrants.[19][20]

Juventus is historically the most successful club in Italian football and one of the most laureated and important globally.[21][22][23] Overall, they have won fifty-six official titles on the national and international stage, more than any other Italian club: a record thirty league titles, a record nine Italian cups, a record six national super cups, and, with eleven titles in confederation and inter-confederation competitions (two Intercontinental Cups, two European Champion Clubs' Cup/UEFA Champions Leagues, one European Cup Winners' Cup, a record three UEFA Cups, one UEFA Intertoto Cup and two UEFA Super Cups) the club currently ranks fourth in Europe and eighth in the world with the most trophies won.[24]

In 1985, under the management of Giovanni Trapattoni, who led the Torinese team to thirteen official trophies in ten years until 1986, including six league titles and five international titles; Juventus became the first club in the history of European football to have won all three major competitions organised by the Union of European Football Associations: the European Champions' Cup, the (now-defunct) Cup Winners' Cup and the UEFA Cup (the first Italian and Southern European side to win the tournament).[25][26][27] After their triumph in the Intercontinental Cup the same year, the club also became the first in football history—and remains the only one at present—to have won all possible official continental competitions and the world title.[28][29][30] According to the all-time ranking published in 2009 by the International Federation of Football History and Statistics, an organisation recognised by FIFA, based on clubs' performance in international competitions, Juventus were Italy's best club and second in Europe of the 20th centur


Juventus were founded as Sport Club Juventus in late 1897 by pupils from the Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum school in Turin,[31] but were renamed as Foot-Ball Club Juventus two years later.[3] The club joined the Italian Football Championship during 1900. In 1904 the businessman Ajmone-Marsan revived the finances of the football club Juventus, making it also possible to transfer the training field from Piazza d'Armi to the more appropriate Velodrome Umberto I. During this period the team wore a pink and black kit. Juventus first won the league championship in 1905 while playing at their Velodrome Umberto I ground. By this time the club colours had changed to black and white stripes, inspired by English side Notts County.[32]
Historic first ever Juventus club shot, 1898.

There was a split at the club in 1906, after some of the staff considered moving Juve out of Turin.[3] President Alfred Dick[33] was unhappy with this and left with some prominent players to found FBC Torino which in turn spawned the Derby della Mole.[34] Juventus spent much of this period steadily rebuilding after the split, surviving the First World War.[32]

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